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The aim of this study was the first genetic analysis of B. melitensis strains isolated from dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) using multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA). MLVA 16 and its MLVA 8 and MLVA11 subsets were used to determine the genotypes of 15 B. melitensis isolates from dromedary camels (11 strains) and other host species (4 strains) from the United Arab Emirates and the results were then compared to B. melitensis MLVA genotypes from other parts of the world. Five, including two novel genotypes were identified with MLVA 8.


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The United Arab Emirates national under-20 football team is the national football youth team of United Arab Emirates and is controlled by the United Arab Emirates Football Association.

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The United Arab Emirates Football Association () is the governing body of football in the United Arab Emirates.

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The United Arab Emirates national football team Under 23 () represents United Arab Emirates in association football and is controlled by the United Arab Emirates Football Association, the governing body for football in United Arab Emirates. United Arab Emirates' home ground is Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Stadium in Abu Dhabi.

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The United Arab Emirates national basketball team, represents the United Arab Emirates in international basketball competitions and is controlled by United Arab Emirates Basketball Association.

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The United Arab Emirates national football team () represents the United Arab Emirates in association football and is controlled by the United Arab Emirates Football Association, the governing body for football in United Arab Emirates and competes in AFC (the Asian Football Confederation). The team is popularly known as "Al-Abyad" (The Whites).

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The United Arab Emirates national beach soccer team represents the United Arab Emirates in international beach soccer competitions and is controlled by the UAE Football Association, the governing body for football in United Arab Emirates.

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The United Arab Emirates Rugby League team (nicknamed The Falcons) represents the United Arab Emirates in the sport of rugby league football.

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The flag of the United Arab Emirates () was adopted on December 2, 1971.

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Politics of the United Arab Emirates takes place in a framework of a federal, presidential, absolute monarchy. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federation of seven constituent monarchies: the Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Qaiwain. According to convention, the ruler of Abu Dhabi is President of the United Arab Emirates, the head of state, and the ruler of Dubai is the Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, the head of government.

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The Embassy of the United Arab Emirates in Washington, D.C. is the diplomatic mission of the United Arab Emirates to the United States. It is located at 3522 International Court, Northwest, Washington, D.C., in the Cleveland Park neighborhood.

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The economy of the United Arab Emirates is the second largest in the Arab world (after Saudi Arabia), with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $570 billion (AED2.1 trillion) in 2014. The United Arab Emirates has been successfully diversifying its economy. 71% of UAE's total GDP comes from non-oil sectors.

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The United Arab Emirates Under-19 cricket team represent the country of United Arab Emirates in Under-19 international cricket. They became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1989 and an associate member the following year.

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There are a considerable number of expatriates in the United Arab Emirates, with most residing in Dubai and Abu Dhabi. Expatriates are primarily attracted by the investment and employment opportunities of the United Arab Emirates.

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The United Arab Emirates national rugby union team represents the United Arab Emirates in rugby union. They compete in the annual Asian Five Nations. They were once part of the Arabian Gulf team which consisted of players from various Arab States of the Persian Gulf. In 2011 they were granted membership into the Asian Rugby Football Union and following a successful bid, were granted full membership with the IRB. They are the newest and 100th member to do so.

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Energy in the United Arab Emirates describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). UAE has 7% of global proved oil reserves, about 100 billion barrels.

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The Union Defence Force is the armed forces of the United Arab Emirates and has primary responsibility for the defense of all seven emirates. It consists of 70,500 personnel, and is headquartered in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

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The United Arab Emirates competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004. This was the nation's sixth consecutive appearance at the Olympics.

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United Arab Emirates:

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The United Arab Emirates Air Force (UAEAF) is the air force of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Its predecessor was established in 1968, when the Emirates were still under British rule. Since then, it has undergone a continual reorganization and expansion in terms of both capability and numbers of aircraft. Currently, the UAEAF has around 4,000 personnel and operates approximately 368 fixed and rotary wing aircraft.

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The United Arab Emirates national cricket team () is the team that represents the country of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in international cricket matches. They became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1989 and an associate member the following year. Since 2005, the ICC's headquarters have been located in Dubai.

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The United Arab Emirates men's national under-18 ice hockey team is the men's national under-18 ice hockey team of the United Arab Emirates. The team is controlled by the UAE Ice Hockey Association, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation.

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The United Arab Emirates ( '), sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE, is a country located in the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing sea borders with Qatar and Iran. In 2013, the UAE's total population was 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million are Emirati citizens and 7.8 million are expatriates.

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The United Arab Emirates national women's cricket team is the team that represents the country of the United Arab Emirates in international women's cricket matches. They made their international debut in the ACC Women's Tournament in Malaysia in July 2007, captained by twelve year-old Natasha Cherriath. In the first round they faced Bangladesh, China and Singapore, and performed poorly, losing all of their games. On the first day of the tournament they suffered their most dramatic loss, scoring only 9 all out in 38 minutes, to which Bangladesh replied with 10/0 in eight balls; this is the lowest score in any form of international cricket. Their highest total was against the slightly more experienced Singapore, against whom they scored 65/5 in 30 overs. Singapore reached 66/4 with 8 balls to spare.

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Islam is the official religion of the United Arab Emirates. More than 80% of the population of the United Arab Emirates are non-citizens. All Emiratis are Muslims; approximately 85% are Sunni and 15% are Shi'a. There are smaller number of Ismailis and Ahmadi Muslims. Foreigners are predominantly from South and Southeast Asia, although there are substantial numbers from the Middle East, Europe, Central Asia, the former Commonwealth of Independent States, and North America. The Al Nahayan and Al Maktoum ruling families adhere to the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence from the Uyunid dynasty, whom spread of the Maliki school came by the command of Sheikh Abdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni.

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United Arab Emirates (UAE) participated in the 2010 Asian Para Games–First Asian Para Games in Guangzhou, China from 13 to 19 December 2010. Athletes from UAE won total 11 medals (including four gold), and finished at the 10th spot in a medal table.

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Football is a widely practiced and popular sport in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Although not one of the leading footballing nations in Asia, the UAE has nonetheless produced some outstanding teams at both club and international level as well as some talented individual players.

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The United Arab Emirates includes the Emirates of Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al-Khaimah, Umm Al Quwain, Ajman, Fujairah and Sharjah. Sexual relations outside of a traditional, heterosexual marriage are a crime. Punishments range from jail time, fines, deportation, and the death penalty. Adultery and fornication are also crimes, and a person convicted of homosexuality may also face charges of adultery if they have a spouse while having sexual relations with a person of the same sex. The laws, some of which were introduced by the British during the colonial period, are still vigorously enforced.

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The UAE ice hockey team is the national ice hockey team of the United Arab Emirates. The team is operated under the UAE Ice Hockey Association, a member of the International Ice Hockey Federation.

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The UAE Arabian Gulf League is the top professional football league in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The first team to win the title was Al-Sharjah, whilst Al-Ain has the record with 11 league titles to their name. Fourteen clubs compete in the League that operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the UAE First Division.